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EveryВ year, it's the same: Around March or April, after months of winter hibernation andВ all the takeout, I get a hankering to give my diet an overhaul. Usually it's a fairly hardcore detox, and usually I'm miserable for a couple of weeks as a result. But in all fairness, itВ tends toВ do the trick in displacing a few extra pounds and giving my body a refresh.
This year was different. Perhaps it's the fact that I've spent a good part of the past few months traveling, but I have a feeling that a healthier attitude toward my bodyВ is more likely the reason. Either way, when spring rolled around again, I ultimately shrugged my shoulders and said, "meh." Even though my dietВ could use a reboot, the thought of revisiting the strict plans of years past-raw vegan, ketogenic, even a god-awful stint with the Master Cleanse-just seemed too exhausting to even consider. What was the point?
Then, totally by chance, I was on AmazonВ searching for a vegan probiotic when a book calledВ The Microbiome DietВ ($11) appearedВ as a recommended purchase. Noting the nearly 200 five-star reviews, I clicked "add to cart." It showed up at my doorstep the next day, along with said vegan probiotics, a hand-held steamer, my favorite Japanese sheet masks, and TLC'sВ Crazysexycool on vinyl. (Love you, Amazon.)
The glowing recommendations from shoppers weren't the only reason why I was inclined to check it out. Written by Dr. Raphael Kellman,В The Microbiome DietВ is based onВ the factВ that the microorganisms in our gut-the "good" bacteria-play a huge role inВ the way our body functions. Kellman, who runs a wellness clinic in New York City, posits that byВ eating a certain way, we canВ encourageВ an environment that helps these organisms thrive, in turn allowing for more efficient digestion, absorption of nutrients,В overall well-being-and yes, weight loss.В
In the beauty and wellness sphere, microorganisms are an exciting area ofВ research with major potential.В Because everyone hosts a different variety of bacteria (by the trillion), many experts believe that studying these ecosystems on an individual level could provide a ton of insight on everything from why differentВ diets work better for some than others to the way our skin reacts to different ingredients. ByВ learning which regimens foster the right combination of bacteria for your body to function optimally, eating plans, skincare routines, and more could be highly personalized in the future. Pretty cool stuff-and it's why probiotics are trending in so many sectors of the beauty industry.
Of course, the real clincher was flipping through the book and realizing that theВ diet's requirements areВ actually very doable. While certain foods were definitely off-limits, it wasn't too much of a stretch from my usual plant-based diet, and most importantly, I could drink coffee. (Even wine is allowed on this plan!)В It's so low-key, I couldn't help but feel a little skeptical, despite my usual enthusiasm for all things bacteria. Would this actuallyВ doВ anything?В I'd have to find out.
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As mentioned,В The Microbiome DietВ centers around the idea that the key to optimal body function-and in turn, high metabolism and weight loss-is a thriving internal ecosystem of bacteria. "Research reveals that when the microbiome goes out of balance, people often gain weight, even when they haven't changed their diet or exercise," Kellman writes. "An imbalanced microbiome often dooms just about any diet to failure. When the microbiome is balanced, however, people often lose weight, even when they don't make any other changes."
It makes plenty of sense: 90% of our cells are bacterial, and there's strength in numbers. "These intestinal organisms-bacteria-digest your food, govern your appetite, control your metabolism, orchestrate your immune system, influence your mood, and even help determine how your genes are expressed," Kellman says. "They have a major impact on whether your heart is healthy, whether your bones develop properly, and whether your brain feels sharp and clear or fuzzy and unfocused. They sustain the gastrointestinal tract so your food is properly digested and you get all the nourishment you need. They produce crucial vitamins and other nutrients. They even manufacture natural antibiotics."
WhileВ current research suggestsВ that there will be a time in the near-ishВ future whenВ we can discriminateВ the types and proportions of this bacteria for a more personalized diet, Keller's plan focuses more on fostering a digestive environment-your microbiome-where good bacteria can thrive in general. "An imbalanced microbiome will overpower you with cravings for sugar and unhealthy fats, slowing down your metabolism and increasing your appetite," he says. "Conversely, a balanced microbiome will lead you to crave healthy foods, feel hungry and full at the right times, and, most important, rev up your metabolism and cause you to burn fat instead of storing it." By removing certain foods that cause inflammation in the gut and supplementing a betterВ diet with probiotics, he argues,В it's fairly easy to restore health and balance to your digestive system and in turn encourage weight loss.
A sample homemade meal: kale and cauliflower rice bowl with broccoli, avocado, and chickpeas.
Full disclosure: While Kellman suggests cycling through a few different phases of his diet, I stuck with his first phase for a full three weeks until I was satisfied with the results. The first phase is basically an elimination diet that physicians rely on to restore intestinal health in their patients.
A sample homemade meal: cauliflower rice with barbecue jackfruit, avocado, and pickled veggies.
FOODS TO REMOVE:
Processed foods of all kinds are out of the question, as are sugar, eggs, soy, gluten, dairy, yeast, dried fruits, and fungus. Even gluten-free grains like quinoa and brown rice and starchy vegetables and legumes like potatoes, peanuts, and kidney beans areВ off-limits, as the sugars in those foods can feed bad bacteria.В
FOODS TO ENJOY:
Most non-starchy veggies and fruitsВ are just fine, with a special emphasis onВ fermented foods like pickles, sauerkraut, and kombucha (which contain digestion-friendlyВ bacteria strains). Chickpeas and lentils are the only legumes permitted, andВ Kellman advises sticking with coconut oil or ghee. For protein, beef, chicken, low-mercury fish, lamb, and shellfish are all fine (though as low-processed as possible).
Kellman also suggests a variety of bacteria-promoting supplements to ingest daily, the most important of which being a probiotic and prebiotic. And here's where things take a turn for the amazing: A couple cups of coffee per day are allowed, as are wine and beer, since they're fermented.В (A study came out just last week noting that coffee and wine are great for your gut. Cue the happy dance!)
A sample homemade meal: zucchini noodles with avocado-walnut pesto.
RULES TO LIVE BY:
It only gets better:В Kellman says to avoid calorie-counting and tracking portion size so that you can learn to rely on intuitive eating and your body's natural sense of hunger. Aside from the list of foods to eat and avoid, he also says to avoid stress since that alone has a huge impact on gut health.
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Honestly, when I saw that coffee isВ permitted, I was sold-it's historically the lack of caffeine that almost kills me (or rather, makes me want to kill others) when trying other cleanses. And the rest was totally easy, at least most of the time. Did I have to avoid eating out? Did there ever come a point when all I wanted was to face-plant in a bowl of pasta? Yes and yes. But it was a small price to pay for feeling nourished, caffeinated, and in onlyВ a matter of days, de-bloated and energized. I didn't feel hangry once.
I don't weigh myself as a rule, butВ based on how my clothes fit, I did lose a few pounds. More importantly, I feltВ great. By the end of the first week, it feltВ like my body was in balance: My digestion was humming along smoothly, the fatigue that normally plagues my life was ancient history, I was sleeping well, and IВ had the energyВ and motivation to work out, which only bolstered this heightened sense of well-being. I even fell in love with a few of the cleanse recipes I threw together. (That jackfruit barbecue bowl = my new favorite thing ever.)
All in all, it was just the reboot my body needed, without any of the usual pain andВ drama.В When next spring rolls around, I won't be brainstorming my next cleanse-I've already got this one on the books.
What eating plan have you had the most success with? Tell us in the comments below!